Our Geography scheme of work aims to inspire pupils to become curious and explorative thinkers with a diverse knowledge of the world; in other words, to think like a geographer. We want pupils to develop the confidence to question and observe places, measure and record necessary data in various ways, and analyse and present their findings. Through our scheme of work, we aim to build an awareness of how Geography shapes our lives at multiple scales and over time. We hope to encourage pupils to become resourceful, active citizens who will have the skills to contribute to and improve the world around them.
We intend to:
• Develop both geographical skills and knowledge.
• Enable the development of critical thinking, with the ability to ask perceptive questions and explain and analyse evidence.
• To develop fieldwork skills across each year group.
• To develop a deep interest and knowledge of pupils’ locality and how it differs from other areas of the world.
• To develop a growing understanding of geographical terms and vocabulary.
Our scheme of work aligns with the National Curriculum and has been drawn up with the cooperation of the Hexham Partnership of schools. Enabling children to be equipped to move to the next level of their education with the appropriate skills and knowledge.
The National curriculum organises the Geography attainment targets under four subheadings or strands:
• Locational knowledge
• Place knowledge
• Human and physical geography
• Geographical skills and fieldwork
Our scheme has a clear progression of skills and knowledge within these four strands across each year group. Our Progression of skills and knowledge shows the skills taught within each year group and how these develop to ensure that attainment targets are securely met by the end of each key stage.
Our National curriculum mapping document shows which of our units cover each of the National curriculum attainment targets as well as each of the four strands.
Locational knowledge, in particular, will be reviewed in each unit to consolidate children’s understanding of key concepts, such as scale and place, in Geography. Cross-curricular links are included throughout each unit, allowing children to make connections and apply their Geography skills to other areas of learning.
Our enquiry questions form the basis for our units, meaning that pupils gain a solid understanding of geographical knowledge and skills by applying them to answer enquiry questions.
We have designed these questions to be open-ended with no preconceived answers and therefore they are genuinely purposeful and engage pupils in generating a real change. In attempting to answer them, children learn how to collect, interpret and present data using geographical methodologies and make informed decisions by applying their geographical knowledge.
We develop geographical skills and fieldwork to ensure that fieldwork skills are practised as often as possible. The fieldwork enables questioning, observation, measurement, recording, and presenting, to reflect the elements mentioned in the National curriculum. This ensures children will learn how to decide on an area of enquiry, plan to measure data using a range of methods, capture the data and present it to a range of appropriate stakeholders in various formats.
Fieldwork includes smaller opportunities on the school grounds to larger-scale visits to investigate physical and human features. Developing fieldwork skills within the school environment and revisiting them in multiple units enables pupils to consolidate their understanding of various methods. It also gives children the confidence to evaluate methodologies without always having to leave the school grounds and do so within the confines of a familiar place. This makes fieldwork regular and accessible while giving children a thorough understanding of their locality, providing a solid foundation when comparing it with other places.
Lessons incorporate various teaching strategies from independent tasks to paired and group work, including practical hands-on, computer-based and collaborative tasks. This variety means that lessons are engaging and appeal to those with a variety of learning styles. We ensure all pupils can access learning, and opportunities to stretch pupils’ learning are available when required. The children will build a foundation of factual knowledge by encouraging recall of key facts and vocabulary.
- The children will compare and contrast human and physical features to describe and understand similarities and differences between various places in the UK, Europe and the Americas.
- The children will name, locate and understand where and why the physical elements of our world are located and how they interact, including processes over time relating to climate, biomes, natural disasters and the water cycle.
- They will understand how humans use the land for economic and trading purposes, including how the distribution of natural resources has shaped this.
- They will develop an appreciation of how humans are impacted by and have evolved around the physical geography surrounding them and how humans have had an impact on the environment, both positive and negative.
- They will develop a sense of location and place around the UK and some areas of the wider world using the eight-points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and keys on maps, globes, atlases, aerial photographs and 4 digital mapping.
- They will identify and understand how various elements of our globe create positioning, including latitude, longitude, the hemispheres, the tropics and how time zones work, including night and day.
- They will present and answer their own geographical enquiries using planned and specifically chosen methodologies, collect data and digital technologies.
- They will meet the end of key stage expectations outlined in the National curriculum for Geography.